There are three appellate courts in the State of Alabama. All three are located in Montgomery.
- Court of Civil Appeals. There are five judges on the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals. This appellate court reviews appeals in civil lawsuits where the amount in controversy does not exceed $50,000. They also review rulings in divorce cases and other family court proceedings, as well as handling appeals in certain administrative cases. In addition to handling cases that fall under their direct jurisdiction, the Court of Civil Appeals sometimes rules on cases transferred to it by the Alabama Supreme Court.
- Court of Criminal Appeals. The Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals is also made up of five judges. This court reviews appeals from felony convictions, and may also review misdemeanor convictions if the misdemeanor was tried in circuit court. In some circumstances, they will also consider an appeal directly from district court or from a municipal court if there is a certified record of the trial court proceedings (there usually isn’t a record in district or municipal court).
- Supreme Court of Alabama. The Alabama Supreme Court has a total of nine justices, one of them being a chief justice (currently CJ Roy Moore) and then eight associate justices. This Court has the authority to review the decisions reached by any of Alabama’s lower courts, including the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals and the Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals. They also have direct jurisdiction over appeals where the amount in controversy is greater than $50,000, over certain probate court appeals, and in other situations where no other court in Alabama has jurisdiction.
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